Sentry Answers>Python>

Extract a substring from a string in Python

Extract a substring from a string in Python

David Y.

The ProblemJump To Solution

How do I extract a substring from a string in Python?

The Solution

We can extract a substring from a string using Python’s slice notation. The syntax is as follows:

Click to Copy
substring = my_string[start:end]

The variable substring will include all characters in the string, starting at the start index up to but not including the end index. Strings in Python are 0-indexed, so we must count characters from 0 to the length of the string minus 1. We can omit the start value to begin at index 0 or the end value to continue until the end of the string.

Consider the following examples:

Click to Copy
my_string = "Hello world!" substring = my_string[1:5] # will be "ello" substring = my_string[:5] # will be "Hello" substring = my_string[6:] # will be "world!"

We can also use regular expressions to extract a substring using the re module in Python. You can use the function to search the string for a specific pattern. The method returns a match object if a match is found. You can then use the .group() method on the match object to extract the matching substring. For example, to extract the price from a string:

Click to Copy
import re string = "The price is $20.45" match ='\d+(\.\d{1,2})?', string) substring = print(substring) # will output 20.45

The regular expression pattern \d+(\.\d{1,2})? will match one or more digits followed by an optional decimal point and one or two digits, which corresponds to the price in the string. The method will return the matching substring.

  • Sentry BlogPython Performance Testing: A Comprehensive Guide
  • Sentry BlogLogging in Python: A Developer’s Guide
  • logo
    Listen to the Syntax Podcast

    Tasty treats for web developers brought to you by Sentry. Get tips and tricks from Wes Bos and Scott Tolinski.


Loved by over 4 million developers and more than 100,000 organizations worldwide, Sentry provides code-level observability to many of the world’s best-known companies like Disney, Peloton, Cloudflare, Eventbrite, Slack, Supercell, and Rockstar Games. Each month we process billions of exceptions from the most popular products on the internet.

© 2024 • Sentry is a registered Trademark
of Functional Software, Inc.