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Uncaught ReferenceError: $ is not defined?

Uncaught ReferenceError: $ is not defined?

Matthew C.

The ProblemJump To Solution

Say you use the global jQuery variable ($) to check if a form checkbox input is checked:

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const isItemChecked = $('#itemInput').is(':checked');

And you get the following error:

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Uncaught ReferenceError: $ is not defined

This is a JavaScript error that occurs when you try to access a variable or call a function that has not been defined. Why is $ not defined?

The Solution

The jQuery library attaches the global variables jQuery and $ to the browser window. The $ variable is the same as the jQuery variable; it’s a shortened alias for simplicity.

When the jQuery library has not been added to your application, $ will be undefined. Here are two common fixes: one for when you download the jQuery library from a CDN and one for when you get the jQuery library from npm.

Add jQuery library script from CDN before your app script

The jQuery global variable $ will be undefined if you import the jQuery library using a script tag that’s added after the script tag for your application code, which uses the $ variable:

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<script src="myApp.js"></script> <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/jquery@3.6.4/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>

To fix this, import the jQuery library first:

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<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/jquery@3.6.4/dist/jquery.min.js"></script> <script src="myApp.js"></script>

Be sure that the URL path to the jQuery library is correct and that the library is downloaded.

Import $ from the jQuery npm library

If you are using the jQuery npm package, make sure that you import the jQuery global variable ($) before using it:

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import $ from 'jquery';
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