FastAPI StreamingResponse not streaming with generator function

David Y.

The Problem

For one of the endpoints in my FastAPI, I need to return a large amount of data. I want to use FastAPI’s StreamingResponse so that my API’s client applications can start processing the data as it arrives. I’ve built a simplified prototype to test out the idea:

from fastapi import FastAPI from fastapi.responses import StreamingResponse app = FastAPI() def data_generator(): # simulate data streaming for number in range(100): yield f"{number}\n" @app.get("/stream") def stream_data(): return StreamingResponse(data_generator())

But, when I query the /stream endpoint in my browser, I receive the entirety of the data in one response instead of as a stream. Why isn’t this working as I expected and how can I fix it?

The Solution

This issue is likely caused by the way browsers buffer responses – the client may be buffering the entire stream before displaying it as a single response. To force browsers and other HTTP clients to treat our response as a stream, we need to set its Content-Type to text/event-stream.

It’s possible that the data_generator function finishes too quickly for the data to be streamed in more than a single chunk. We should add a time delay to the function to better simulate a real data stream.

Here is an updated version of the code with these two changes applied:

from fastapi import FastAPI from fastapi.responses import StreamingResponse import time app = FastAPI() def data_generator(): for number in range(100): # simulate data streaming yield f"data: {number}\n\n" time.sleep(1) # 1 second delay to simulate streaming @app.get("/stream") def stream_data(): return StreamingResponse(data_generator(), headers={ "Content-Type": "text/event-stream" }) # appropriate Content-Type header added to response

When moving beyond this simple prototype and manual testing in the browser, it is important to ensure that the HTTP client consuming this request supports HTTP streaming.

Loved by over 4 million developers and more than 90,000 organizations worldwide, Sentry provides code-level observability to many of the world’s best-known companies like Disney, Peloton, Cloudflare, Eventbrite, Slack, Supercell, and Rockstar Games. Each month we process billions of exceptions from the most popular products on the internet.

Share on Twitter
Bookmark this page
Ask a questionJoin the discussion

Related Answers

A better experience for your users. An easier life for your developers.

© 2024 • Sentry is a registered Trademark
of Functional Software, Inc.