How to find the sum of an array of numbers

Matthew C.

The Problem

You want to find the sum of an array of numbers. How do you do this with JavaScript?

The Solution

There are various ways to find the sum of an array of numbers in JavaScript. We’ll look at four common ways.

Using a for loop

The most performant method is to use a for loop:

const arr = [23, 34, 77, 99, 324]; let sum = 0; for (let i = 0; i < arr.length; i++) { sum += arr[i]; } console.log(sum);

The sum of the array of numbers is calculated by looping through the array and adding the value of each array element to a variable called sum.

Using reduce()

Another option is to use the reduce() array method:

const arr = [23, 34, 77, 99, 324]; const sum = arr.reduce((accumulator, currentValue) => accumulator + currentValue, 0); console.log(sum);

The reduce() method calculates the sum of the array of numbers by executing the “reducer” callback function on each element of the array. The accumulator argument is the value of the previous call of the function. Its initial value is 0; the currentValue is the value of the array element. For each call of the function, the value of the previous function call is added to the value of the array element. The return value of the reduce() method is the final value of the “reducer” callback function after it’s been executed on each element of the array. In this case, it calculates the sum of the array numbers.

Using forEach()

The forEach() array method executes the callback function argument for each element of the array:

const arr = [23, 34, 77, 99, 324]; let sum = 0; arr.forEach((el) => sum += el); console.log(sum);

It uses a sum variable, like the for loop method, to calculate the sum of the array numbers.

Using a for...of loop

A for…of loop can also be used to iterate through the array items and calculate the sum of the array of numbers:

const arr = [23, 34, 77, 99, 324]; let sum = 0; for (const el of arr) { sum += el; } console.log(sum);

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